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Kanha Tiger relocated to Mukundpur Safari


Prelims: Environment –National Parks, Tiger Reserves, Kanha Tiger Reserve, Kanha National Park 

Mains: General Studies 3- Conservation, Environmental Pollution and Degradation, Environmental Impact Assessment.

 Why in News 

A male tiger from the Kanha Tiger Reserve has been relocated to Mukundpur tiger safari

 Key Facts 🗝️

  • Barasingha is flagship species of Kanha National Park.
  • It is the state animal of Madhya Pradesh.


Kanha Tiger Reserve (KTR)/ Kanha National Park

  • Part of Kanha National park (Largest in MP), made Tiger Reserve in 1973
  • Location: Mandla and Balaghat districts of Madhya Pradesh, Maikal range of Satpuras.  
  • The forest is depicted in the famous novel by Rudyard Kipling, The Jungle Book.
  • first tiger reserve in India to officially introduce a mascot, “Bhoorsingh the Barasingha”
  • Flora: mixture of sal and other mixed forest trees interspersed with meadows. 
    • Forests are tropical moist dry deciduous type and of a completely different nature with bamboo on slopes 
  • Fauna:
    • Royal Bengal Tiger, leopards, the sloth bear and Indian wild dog. 
    • The Park is respected globally for saving the Barasingha from near extinction.

Barasingha (Swamp Deer)

  • Habitat – open forests and grasslands of India and Nepal, now restricted to isolated and scattered locations in Nepal, Assam and the northern areas of India.
  • Food – wetland plants and herbaceous plants which are common in this deer’s natural habitat. 
  • Currently Extinct in both Bangladesh, and in Pakistan 
  • Conservation status
    • IUCN – Vulnerable
    • CITES – Appendix I
    • The Wildlife Protection Act, 1972 – Schedule I

Source: TOI

UPSC CSE Exams Corner

Prelims: PYQ related to Topic

Q. Which one of the following protected areas is well-known for the conservation of a sub-species of the Indian swamp deer (Barasinga) that thrives well in hard ground and is exclusively graminivorous ?

A) Kanha National Park

B) Manas National Park

C) Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary

D) Tal Chhapar Wildlife Sanctuary 

Ans : a. Kanha National Park

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