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Spur-Winged Lapwing: Rare bird spotted in Warangal lake


Prelims: Environment (species), Spur-winged lapwing, warangal lake, Agreement on the Conservation of African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds

Mains: General Studies III – Conservation, Environmental Pollution and Degradation, Environmental Impact Assessment.

 Why in News 

Birdwatching team from Telangana spotted the spur-winged lapwing which is the rare bird in India.

Source: TH

Spur Winged Lapwing
Spur Winged Lapwing Spotted at Warangal Lake


Spur-winged lapwing :

  • Scientific name: vanellus spinosus
  • Native: North Africa, Middle-East, Mediterranean region.
  • IUCN: Least Concern (LC)
  • Some population of the birds is resident while some are migratory.
  • The spur-winged lapwing is one of the species to which the Agreement on the Conservation of African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds applies.
  • This species has a preference for marshes and similar freshwater wetland habitats. The food of the spur-winged lapwing is insects and other invertebrates, which are picked from the ground.

Agreement on the Conservation of African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds.

  • independent international treaty developed under the auspices of the United Nations Environment Programme Convention on Migratory Species.
  • HQ – The Hague
  • The agreement focuses on bird species that depend on wetlands for at least part of their lifecycle and cross international borders in their migration patterns. It currently covers 254 species.
  • Effective from 1999

UPSC CSE Exams Corner

Prelims: PYQ related to Topic: 

Which of the following is not a bird?

(a) Golden Mahseer

(b) Indian Nightjar

(c) Spoonbill

(d) White Ibis

Ans : a. Golden Mahseer

Explaination :

  • Golden Mahseer is a species of cyprinid fish. Mahseer roughly translates as mahi – fish and sher – tiger, and hence is also referred as tiger among fish. It is a large cyprinid and known to be the toughest among the fresh water sport fish.
  • The Indian nightjar species are nocturnal birds with long pointed wings and short legs.
  • Spoonbill is any member of six species of long-legged wading birds that constitute the subfamily Plataleinae of the family Threskiornithidae (order Ciconiiformes), which also includes the ibises. Spoonbills are found in estuaries, saltwater bayous, and lakes.
  • White Ibises are large wading birds with football-shaped bodies. They are found in  freshwater marshes, coastal estuaries, mangroves, flooded pastures, mudflats, and swamps.

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