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National Livestock Mission


Prelims: Indian Economy (Schemes), National livestock Mission, Breeds of Indigenous Livestock Species

Mains: General Studies-III,  Issues related to Direct and Indirect Farm Subsidies and Minimum Support Prices; Public Distribution System – Objectives, Functioning, Limitations, Revamping; Issues of Buffer Stocks and Food Security; Technology Missions; Economics of Animal-Rearing.

Why in the News ?

The union cabinet recently approved the incorporation of additional activities into the National Livestock Mission.

Source: PIB

Key Facts 🗝️

National Livestock Mission:

  • Ministry: Ministry of Fisheries, Animal husbandry and Dairying.
  • Launch: Year 2014-15. It has been updated and realigned from fiscal year 2021-22.
  • Dairy is the single-largest agri commodity in India. It contributes 5% to the national economy and employs 80 million dairy farmers directly.

📌 FYI on Prelims:

Breeds of Indigenous Livestock Species

  • Kathani cattle (Maharashtra), Sanchori cattle (Rajasthan) and Masilum cattle (Meghalaya);
  • Purnathadi buffalo (Maharashtra)
  • Sojat goat (Rajasthan), Karauli goat (Rajasthan) and Gujari goat (Rajasthan)
  • Banda pig (Jharkhand), Manipuri Black pig (Manipur) and Wak Chambil pig (Meghalaya).


  • National Livestock Mission

    • It is designed to enhance both the quantity and quality of livestock production systems. Also, it seeks to improve the capabilities of all stakeholders involved.
    • The scheme was implemented as a sub scheme of White RevolutionRashtriya Pashudhan Vikas Yojana since April 2019.
    • Objective: This mission is formulated with the objective of sustainable development in the livestock sector. It focuses on improving the availability of quality feed and fodder. Sub-Missions included:
      • Sub-Mission on Breed improvement of Livestock and Poultry
      • Sub-Mission of Feed & Fodder
      • Sub-Mission on Innovation and Extension. 
    • Activities: The realigned NLM comprises 10 activities aimed at fostering entrepreneurship development, improving feed and fodder, promoting research and innovation, and enhancing livestock insurance.
  • Additional activities included in the National Livestock Mission

    • Entrepreneurship in conservation of horse, donkey, mule, camel: 
      • Individuals, FPOs, SHGs, Joint Liability group (JLGs), Farmers Cooperative societies (FCOs), and Section 8 companies can receive a 50% capital subsidy, up to 50 lakhs, for establishing entrepreneurship in horse, donkey, mule, and camel sectors.
      • The state government will receive assistance for conserving horse, donkey, and camel breeds.
    • Fodder seed processing Infrastructure: Entrepreneurs can establish Fodder seed processing Infrastructure with a 50% capital subsidy up to Rs. 50 lakhs. It covers private companies, start-ups, SHGs, FPOs, FCOs, JLGs, FCO, and Section 8 companies.
    • Fodder cultivation- To expand fodder cultivation, the state government will receive assistance for cultivating fodder in non-forest lands, wastelands, range lands, non-arable areas, and degraded forest lands.
    • Livestock Insurance programme-
      • The Livestock Insurance program has now been simplified, with reduction in farmers’ premium to 15% from current rates of 20%, 30%, 40%, and 50%.
      • The premium will be shared by the Centre and the State at 60:40 for all states, 90:10 for certain regions.
      • The number of animals to be insured has also been increased to 10 cattle units instead of 5 units for cattle, sheep, and goats.


Mains: PYQ/FAQ

Q. Livestock rearing has a big potential for providing non-farm employment and income in rural areas. Discuss suggesting suitable measures to promote this sector in India. (2015)

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