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International Solar Alliance and India’s Interest



  • Keywords: International Solar Alliance (ISA), India, Renewable Energy, Solar Power, Africa.


  • Keywords: Renewable Energy Diplomacy, Sustainable Development, India-Africa Relations, Climate Action.
  • UPSC Mains Syllabus: International Relations, Energy Security, Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

Why in the News? The International Solar Alliance (ISA) and India’s growing interest in renewable energy, particularly in Africa, have gained significant attention due to their potential to address global energy challenges and promote sustainable development.


The International Solar Alliance (ISA) represents a vital initiative in the global effort to harness solar energy for combatting climate change and advancing sustainable development. India’s active role in the ISA and its keen interest in expanding renewable energy in Africa underscore its commitment to renewable energy diplomacy.

International Solar Alliance (ISA)

The ISA is a coalition of solar resource-rich countries, with India being a prominent founding member. The alliance’s primary objectives include the promotion of solar power deployment, reducing the cost of solar energy, and advancing solar applications for a sustainable future.

India’s Renewable Energy Diplomacy

India’s diplomacy in the field of renewable energy extends to partnerships with African nations, where it seeks to promote solar power and other forms of renewable energy. India’s expertise in this domain is exemplified by its rapid expansion of solar capacity, particularly in solar photovoltaic technology.

Expanding Solar Energy in Africa

Africa boasts immense untapped potential for solar energy generation, with abundant sunlight throughout the continent. India’s interest in bolstering solar energy infrastructure in Africa aligns with its commitment to addressing energy access challenges and reducing carbon emissions.

Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)

India’s initiatives within the ISA and its collaboration with African nations directly contribute to the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), particularly Goal 7 (Affordable and Clean Energy) and Goal 13 (Climate Action). Renewable energy projects enable the provision of affordable and clean electricity, poverty reduction, and climate change mitigation.

India-Africa Relations

India has established longstanding diplomatic and economic relations with African countries. Collaborative efforts in the renewable energy sector not only strengthen these relations but also foster economic growth and provide opportunities for technology transfer and capacity building.

Climate Action

The expansion of solar energy in Africa is in alignment with global climate action objectives. By reducing dependence on fossil fuels and increasing the share of clean energy sources, India’s engagement in the ISA contributes significantly to mitigating the impacts of climate change.


The International Solar Alliance serves as a platform for India and other solar-rich nations to collectively address energy-related challenges on a global scale. India’s interest in extending solar energy initiatives in Africa reaffirms its commitment to global renewable energy objectives and solidifies its position as a leader in renewable energy diplomacy.

In conclusion, the International Solar Alliance, along with India’s dedication to renewable energy, represents a promising avenue for addressing energy-related challenges on a global scale while concurrently promoting sustainable development and climate action.


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