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Greening and Restoration of Wasteland with Agroforestry: GROW report

  • Prelims: Environment, Agroforestry
  • Mains: General Studies-III, Conservation, Environmental Pollution and Degradation, Environmental Impact Assessment.

Why in News ?

Greening and Restoration of Wasteland with Agroforestry (GROW) report and portal was launched today by Prof Ramesh Chand, Member, NITI Aayog at NITI Aayog.

3 Main types of Agro-forestry Systems :

1. Agrisilvicultural systems : Crops and Trees

2. Silvopastoral systems : trees and animals

3. Agrosilvopastoral systems : Crops, Trees and animals

About GROW report:

Greening and Restoration of Wasteland with Agro-forestry (GROW) report and portal:
  • Includes the launch of the “Greening and Restoration of Wasteland with Agro-forestry (GROW)-Suitability Mapping” portal on ‘Bhuvan’ ,ensuring universal access to state and district-level data. 
  • This portal is expected to significantly boost the promotion of agro-forestry initiatives by government bodies.
  • The GROW initiative aligns with national commitments, aiming to restore 26 million hectares of degraded land by 2030 and create an additional carbon sink of 2.5 to 3 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent.
  • Presently, agro-forestry covers 8.65% of India’s total geographical area, encompassing approximately 28.42 million hectares.
  • Around 17% of India’s total geographical area is wasteland.- This initiative is Needed for the aim to restore 26 million hectares of degraded land by 2030 and create an additional carbon sink
  • Agro-forestry integrates trees, crops, and livestock, addressing food, nutrition, energy, employment, and environmental challenges. 

Nagar Van Yojana-

  • The Nagar Van (Urban Forests) aims to develop 200 Urban Forests across the country in the next five years.
  • The finances for the scheme will be paid for by the CAMPA (Compensatory Afforestation Fund (CAF) Act, 2016) funds.

Source: NITI Aayog Report

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