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G20 Summit: Lack of Consensus on Ukraine Takes Center Stage

Source : Twitter @g20org

News Summary

The G20 Summit witnessed a lack of consensus on the issue of Ukraine, with member countries divided in their response to the crisis. As tensions escalate in the region, the summit has deferred a decision and is set to take a call on the matter in the coming days.

Syllabus: UPSC Prelims and Mains

  • International Relations
  • Current Affairs of National and International Importance

Key Facts

  • The G20 Summit is an annual gathering of leaders from the world’s major economies to discuss global economic issues and cooperation.
  • G20 member countries include Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, South Korea, Turkey, the United Kingdom, the United States, and the European Union.
  • Ukraine has been facing heightened tensions with Russia, leading to international concern over the situation.
  • The G20 member countries represent around 80% of the world’s GDP and two-thirds of the global population.
  • The lack of consensus on Ukraine reflects the complexities and divergent interests of the participating nations.

G20 Summit and the Ukraine Crisis

The G20 Summit is a platform that brings together leaders from major economies to address pressing global economic challenges. However, in the recent summit, the focus shifted to the ongoing crisis in Ukraine. The situation in Ukraine has been a matter of concern for the international community due to the military build-up by Russia near its borders.

During the summit, the member countries found it challenging to arrive at a unified response to the situation. The complexities of international relations, geopolitical interests, and economic ties with Russia contributed to the divergent stances among the participating nations. As a result, the G20 Summit deferred making a decision and is set to revisit the issue in the coming days.

The lack of consensus on Ukraine highlights the difficulties in achieving collective action in response to regional crises. While some countries may advocate for stronger measures to address the situation, others might prioritize diplomatic efforts to de-escalate tensions. This divergence underscores the intricate dynamics of international diplomacy and cooperation.


The lack of consensus on Ukraine at the G20 Summit underscores the complexities of international relations and the challenges of addressing regional crises through collective action. As the situation continues to evolve, the world will closely watch the decisions taken by the G20 leaders in the coming days.

UPSC Exam Corner

Prelims Question:

What percentage of the world’s GDP do G20 member countries represent?
a) Approximately 50%
b) Approximately 70%
c) Approximately 80%
d) Approximately 90%

Answer: c) Approximately 80%

What is the main objective of the G20 Summit?
a) Promoting global security and peace
b) Addressing climate change issues
c) Discussing global economic issues and cooperation
d) Forming a military alliance against common threats

Answer: c) Discussing global economic issues and cooperation

Which country hosted the G20 Summit in 2021?
a) India
b) United States
c) Saudi Arabia
d) China

Answer: c) Saudi Arabia

What does the lack of consensus on Ukraine at the G20 Summit indicate?
a) Successful resolution of the crisis
b) Ineffectiveness of the G20 as a global forum
c) The complexities and divergent interests of member countries
d) Lack of interest in international affairs

Answer: c) The complexities and divergent interests of member countries

Mains Question:

Discuss the challenges of achieving consensus on regional crises in international forums like the G20 Summit. How can diplomatic efforts be balanced with strong measures to address such situations effectively?

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